Shame and Medicine Exeter
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Bibliography

Our goal is to provide an online bibliographical resource that includes literature from various disciplines that directly considers shame and shame experiences in medicine, medical professional culture, medical training, public health and related areas. This bibliography is a work in progress and will be added to over the course of the project. Please email us with any suggestions for additional sources.

  • Barrett J, Scott KM. Acknowledging medical students’ reports of intimidation and humiliation by their teachers in hospitals. J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Jan;54(1):69-73. DOI: 10.1111/jpc.13656
  • Bleakley A, Marshall R. (2017) Abuse and shame in Homer and medicine, Review of Communication. 2017. 17:3, 182-198, DOI: 1080/15358593.2017.1331253
  • Boehm KS, McGuire C, Boudreau C, Jenkins D, Samargandi OA, Al-Youha S, Tang D. The Shame-Blame Game: Is It Still Necessary? A National Survey of Shame-based Teaching Practice in Canadian Plastic Surgery Programs. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2019 Feb 25;7(2):e2152. DOI: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000002152
  • Bond ME. Exposing shame and its effect on clinical nursing education. J Nurs Educ. 2009 Mar;48(3):132-40. DOI: 10.3928/01484834-20090301-02
  • Bynum WE 4th, Adams AV, Edelman CE, Uijtdehaage S, Artino AR Jr, Fox JW. Addressing the Elephant in the Room: A Shame Resilience Seminar for Medical Students. Acad Med. 2019 Aug;94(8):1132-1136. DOI: 1097/acm.0000000000002646
  • Bynum WE 4th, Artino AR Jr, Uijtdehaage S, Webb AMB, Varpio L. Sentinel Emotional Events: The Nature, Triggers, and Effects of Shame Experiences in Medical Residents. Acad Med. 2019 Jan;94(1):85-93. DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000002479
  • Bynum WE 4th, Artino AR Jr, Uijtdehaage S, Webb AMB, Varpio L. Sentinel Emotional Events: The Nature, Triggers, and Effects of Shame Experiences in Medical Residents. Acad Med. 2019 Jan;94(1):85-93. DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000002479
  • Bynum WE 4th, Artino AR Jr. Who Am I, and Who Do I Strive to Be? Applying a Theory of Self-Conscious Emotions to Medical Education. Acad Med. 2018 Jun;93(6):874-880.  DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001970
  • Bynum WE 4th, Varpio L, Lagoo J, Teunissen PW. ‘I’m unworthy of being in this space’: The origins of shame in medical students. Med Educ. 2021 Feb;55(2):185-197. DOI: 10.1111/medu.14354
  • Bynum WE 4th. Filling the feedback gap: the unrecognised roles of shame and guilt in the feedback cycle. Med Educ. 2015 Jul;49(7):644-7. DOI: 10.1111/medu.12754
  • Bynum WE. Assessing for Learner Shame Should Be a Routine Part of Remediation for Unprofessional Behavior. Acad Med. 2017 Apr;92(4):424 DOI: 1097/ACM.0000000000001585
  • Bynum WE. Assessing for Learner Shame Should Be a Routine Part of Remediation for Unprofessional Behavior. Acad Med. 2017 Apr;92(4):424. DOI: 1097/ACM.0000000000001585
  • Carroll K. Shaming: Considerations for Practice. Nurs Sci Q. 2021 Apr;34(2):130-131. DOI: 10.1177/0894318420987183
  • Case, G.A., Pippitt, K.A. & Lewis, B.R. Shame. Perspect Med Educ7, 12–15 (2018). DOI: 1007/s40037-018-0429-6
  • Hautz WE, Schröder T, Dannenberg KA, März M, Hölzer H, Ahlers O, Thomas A. Shame in Medical Education: A Randomized Study of the Acquisition of Intimate Examination Skills and Its Effect on Subsequent Performance. Teach Learn Med. 2017 Apr-Jun;29(2):196-206. DOI: 10.1080/10401334.2016.1254636
  • Lindström UH, Hamberg K, Johansson EE. Medical students’ experiences of shame in professional enculturation. Med Educ. 2011 Oct;45(10):1016-24. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2011.04022.x
  • Markman JD, Soeprono TM, Combs HL, Cosgrove EM. Medical student mistreatment: understanding ‘public humiliation’. Med Educ Online. 2019 Dec;24(1):1615367. DOI: 10.1080/10872981.2019.1615367
  • Rose A. Shame-to-cynicism conversion in The Citadeland The House of God. Med Humanit. 2020 Jun 16:medhum-2020-011882. DOI: 1136/medhum-2020-011882
  • Scott KM, Caldwell PH, Barnes EH, Barrett J. “Teaching by humiliation” and mistreatment of medical students in clinical rotations: a pilot study. Med J Aust. 2015 Aug 17;203(4):185e.1-6. DOI: 10.5694/mja15.00189
  • Shaw G. What ‘Learning by Shame’ Does to Young Doctors. Emergency Medical News. May 2019.  Click here.
  • Whelan B, Hjörleifsson S, Schei E. Shame in medical clerkship: “You just feel like dirt under someone’s shoe”. Perspect Med Educ. 2021 May 5. DOI: 10.1007/s40037-021-00665-w
  • Whelan, B., Schei, E., & Hutchinson, T. (2020). Shame in medical education: A mindful approach. The International Journal of Whole Person Care7(1), 11. DOI: 26443/ijwpc.v7i1.212
  • Yancey NR. Shame in Teaching-Learning: A Humanbecoming Perspective. Nurs Sci Q. 2021 Apr;34(2):125-129. DOI: 10.1177/0894318421993171
  • Bennett DS, Traub K, Mace L, Juarascio A, O’Hayer CV. Shame among people living with HIV: a literature review. AIDS Care. 2016;28(1):87-91.  DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1066749
  • Darby RS, Henniger NE, Harris CR. (2014) Reactions to Physician-Inspired Shame and Guilt, Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36:1, 9-6, DOI: 10.1080/01973533.2013.856782
  • Davidoff F. Shame: the elephant in the room. Qual Saf Health Care. 2002 Mar;11(1):2-3. doi: 10.1136/qhc.11.1.2. DOI: 1136/qhc.11.1.2
  • Dickerson SS, Gruenewald TL, Kemeny ME. When the social self is threatened: shame, physiology, and health. J Pers. 2004 Dec;72(6):1191-216. DOI: 1111/j.1467-6494.2004.00295.x
  • Dolezal L, Lyons B. Health-related shame: an affective determinant of health? Med Humanit. 2017 Dec;43(4):257-263. Epub 2017 Jun 8. DOI: 1136/medhum-2017-011186
  • Dolezal L. The phenomenology of shame in the clinical encounter. Med Health Care Philos. 2015 Nov;18(4):567-76. DOI: 1007/s11019-015-9654-5
  • Harris CR, Darby RS. (2009) Shame in Physician–Patient Interactions: Patient Perspectives, Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 31:4, 325-334. DOI: 10.1080/01973530903316922
  • Lazare A. Shame and humiliation in the medical encounter. Arch Intern Med. 1987 Sep;147(9):1653-8. PMID: 3632171.
  • Malterud K, Hollnagel H. Avoiding humiliations in the clinical encounter. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2007 Jun;25(2):69-74. DOI: 1080/02813430701237721
  • Wolf MS, Williams MV, Parker RM, Parikh NS, Nowlan AW, Baker DW. Patients’ shame and attitudes toward discussing the results of literacy screening. J Health Commun. 2007 Dec;12(8):721-32. DOI: 1080/10810730701672173
  • Aubin D, King S. The Healthcare Environment: A Perfect Ecosystem for Growing Shame. Healthc Q. 2018 Jan;20(4):31-36. DOI: 10.12927/hcq.2018.25426
  • Cunningham W, Wilson H. Republished original viewpoint: complaints, shame and defensive medicine. Postgrad Med J. 2011 Dec;87(1034):837-40. DOI: 10.1136/pgmj.2011.051722rep
  • Cunningham W, Wilson H. Shame, guilt and the medical practitioner. N Z Med J. 2003 Oct 10;116(1183):U629. PMID: 14581943.
  • Felblinger DM. Incivility and bullying in the workplace and nurses’ shame responses. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2008 Mar-Apr;37(2):234-41; quiz 241-2. DOI: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2008.00227.x
  • Ferguson CC. The Emotional Fallout From the Culture of Blame and Shame. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 Dec 1;171(12):1141. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.2691
  • Henderson M, Brooks SK, Del Busso L, Chalder T, Harvey SB, Hotopf M, Madan I, Hatch S. Shame! Self-stigmatisation as an obstacle to sick doctors returning to work: a qualitative study. BMJ Open. 2012 Oct 15;2(5):e001776. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001776
  • Lyons B, Gibson M, Dolezal L. Stories of shame. Lancet. 2018 Apr 21;391(10130):1568-1569. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(18)30897-3
  • Mehlman MJ. The shame of medical malpractice. J Leg Med. 2006 Mar;27(1):17-32. DOI: 10.1080/01947640500533218
  • Miles, S. Addressing shame: what role does shame play in the formation of a modern medical professional identity? BJPsych Bulletin. 2020 Feb;44(1):1-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1192/bjb.2019.49
  • Ofri D. Ashamed to admit it: owning up to medical error. Health Aff (Millwood). 2010 Aug;29(8):1549-51. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2009.0946. 
  • Sanders K, Pattison S, Hurwitz B. Tracking shame and humiliation in Accident and Emergency. Nurs Philos. 2011 Apr;12(2):83-93. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-769X.2010.00480.x
  • Shaughnessy MJ. Integrative Literature Review on Shame. Nurs Sci Q. 2018 Jan;31(1):86-94. DOI: 10.1177/0894318417741120
  • Zabari ML, Southern NL. Effects of Shame and Guilt on Error Reporting Among Obstetric Clinicians. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2018 Jul;47(4):468-478. DOI: 10.1016/j.jogn.2018.03.002

  • Edmond SN. As A Mother With COVID-19, I Faced Stigma And Shame. Health Aff (Millwood). 2021 Jun;40(6):1006-1008. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2021.00378.